Sunday, May 24, 2020
The Boy in the Striped Pajamas by John Boyne (Holocaust Drama) Kyle Simpson Mrs. Brett Language Arts September 19, 2016 I have read many books in my lifetime. One of the main books that I have enjoyed is The Boy in the Striped Pajamas. The book is about the friendship of two nine-year-old boys, Shmuel, who is Jewish, and Bruno, a German, that share the same birthday in 1940s Nazi Germany. In this paper, I will talk about what this Holocaust genre novel is about and the symbolism that is latent in this documented horror, seen through a childÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes. In the book, Bruno is upset when he finds out that his family is moving from the fancy life in Berlin to a place in the countryside called Auschwitz. This place is a concentration camp in World War II, a structure of Nazi Germany and an extermination camp managed by the 3rd Reich in Poland. He notices that in this place in the middle of nowhere everybody is unhappy or nobody laughs. In his new bedroom window, he sees a strange fenced in area in which a lot of children and adults wearing striped pajamas appear to live, and he is not certain who they are. He has no friends to play with and gets tired, so goes on adventures. Along the strange barbed-wire fence he meets Shmuel, the little Hebrew boy of BoyneÃ¢â¬â¢s story. In the back garden, he discovers a place to escape from the house and he goes into the forest. Later on, Bruno begins exploring the wall that divides their yard fromShow MoreRelatedThe Striped Pajamas By John Boyne2334 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesmillions were killed outside of battle. After his murder of over six million Jews, Adolf Hitler became regarded as one of the most hated and evil people in the world, and still is today. The Boy in the Striped Pajamas is a novel based on this time period. Written in 2006 by an Irish author named John Boyne, it is about a boy named Bruno who is nine years old growing up in Germany during the second World War. Even though it is written by an Irish author and not a German one, it is well-known for depictingRead MoreThe Striped Pajamas By John Boyne1771 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Boy in the Striped Pajamas by John Boyne is about an unlikely friendship between Bruno, the son of a German Nazi commandant and Shmuel, a Jewish captive in a concentration camp ran by BrunoÃ¢â¬â¢s father. The novel takes place during 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s, allowing us to recognize that the Holocaust is taking place. The Holocaust was a large genocide led by Adolf Hitler and his army of NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s to exterminate all Jewish people in Europe. The novel begins with Bruno and his family moving into an Ã¢â¬Ëout-withÃ¢â¬â¢, which happensRead MoreThe Boy in the Striped Pajamas, by John Boyne1152 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn the movie Ã¢â¬Å"The Boy in the Striped Pajamas,Ã¢â¬ a story is told of an innocent childÃ¢â¬â¢s forbidden friendship during World War II in Germany. Despite all the inhumane treatment of Jews right in front of this young boy, his character is extremely naÃ ¯ve to the reality of what the NaziÃ¢â¬â¢s actually do to the Jews. The overall message the director and writer so vividly portrayed is that of innocence and friendship. What you expect to feel from a film that centered on the Holocaust was compassion and outrageRead MorePersecution in The Boy in the Striped Pajamas by John Boyne657 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe Boy in the Striped Pajamas Essay (goodcopy) Dec. 14, 2013 In the story The Boy in The Striped Pajamas by John Boyne, there are many consequences when society allows persecution of others. Some of those consequences are that children (Gretel and Bruno) learn plenty of bad morals, the fact that some people live large while others poorly, and that many people are separated from their families. This will explain more in-depth about each consequence. In the story Bruno and Gretel learnRead MoreBoy in the Striped Pajamas by John Boyne809 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages The book Ã¢â¬Å"Boy in the Striped PyjamasÃ¢â¬ is positioned in 1943 or1944 (most particularly in Poland). The story receives its impetus when the slightly jejune Bruno and his parents move to Poland or Auschwitz (bordering Germany and Poland) by the injunction of the Ã¢â¬Å"FuryÃ¢â¬ . The familyÃ¢â¬â¢s new quarters only boasts three floors and no other houses in the vicinity. As such, it is a clear relegation from their massive home in Berlin and an event with which leaves Bruno petulant. Unbeknownst to Bruno, theirRead MoreFilm and Book The Striped Pajamas by John Boyne Essay1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSins of the Father The movie Ã¢â¬ËBoy in the Striped PajamasÃ¢â¬â¢, based on the book by John Boyne, isnÃ¢â¬â¢t exactly a feel-good film, but it is an awesome representation of the existence of good and evil, and the responsibility we have as human beings to distinguish between the two; for it is responsibility that distinguishes us from every other being. In my opinion, this is an important, life-changing film, with a significant message, and should be seen by all. The movie is told from the point of viewRead MoreAn Analysis Of John Boyne s The Boy s The Striped Pajamas 1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTitle: The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Author: John Boyne Publication Date: January 5, 2006 I chose this book because (respond in at least 2 sentences): I have watched the movie many times and I always wanted to know which was better and what the difference between the book and the film. Connecting with Character: Protagonist Bruno How do you relate to this character? Similarities Differences Beginning: Bruno wanted to meet Shmuel and become friends with him at first sight; He wanted to playRead MoreAnalysis of the Film The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Directed by Mark Herman817 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe best fictional movie of World War II is Ã¢â¬Å"The Boy in the Striped PajamasÃ¢â¬ directed by Mark Herman. The movie is based on the novel written by John Boyne and the story is told from a German childÃ¢â¬â¢s view during the Holocaust. The general message the director and writer so vividly portrayed is that of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s innocence and young friendship. Ã¢â¬Å"The Boy in the Striped PajamasÃ¢â¬ has a good storyline, great choice in actors, and overall it was thought-provoking and effective in showing a differentRead MoreWorld War II Was A Drastic War1503 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe conflicts within the book, Ã¢â¬Å"The Boy in the Striped PajamasÃ¢â¬ . John Boyne made this book take place during the World War II era. The protagonist in the story is a nine year old boy named Bruno who is the son of a very important figure in the German Military. BrunoÃ¢â¬â¢s father s role in society is also a contributing factor in many of the conflicts that occur in the novel. The three main conflicts John Boyne writes about in Ã¢â¬Å"The Boy in the Striped PajamasÃ¢â¬ is Bruno s family moving, being stuck in theRead MoreLiterature Review Outline : The Boy In The Striped Pajamas1164 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOutline: The Boy In The Striped Pajamas Ã¢â¬Å"The Boy In The Striped PajamasÃ¢â¬ weaves a thread of intricate and compelling details through the description of each event that occurs within this book. For example, this novel features a descriptive scene where Bruno (protagonist) encounters a fence, which holds many Jews captive; this event takes you on a journey where you can experience the border that divides us, and how we may deal with that border - as Bruno faces. John Boyne has created a sophisticated
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Justification of the War in Iraq Despite contrary belief, the Iraq War can certainly be justified. This war began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by U.S troops under the command of former president, George W. Bush. This invasion can be vindicated for several reasons. The greatest is that Iraq was a severe menace to its own people due to a corrupt and distorted government, spearheaded by the dictator, Saddam Hussein. Furthermore, Iraq was a substantial threat to other nations in the world, including the United States of America because of its previous possession of weapons of mass destruction and ties with terrorist groups. It would be misleading to not mention the economic gains that motivated the American government to occupy Iraq.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Men ages 13 to 70 were shot and buried in mass graves while women and children were relocated to camps with terrible living conditions. If any area made even a small attempt at resisting, everyone would be killed. Throughou t the massacre, Saddam had his cousin, Ali Hassan , in control of the chemical bombings on approximately 40 Kurdish villages. Mustard gas and nerve agents blanketed the areas causing instantaneous effects of asphyxiation, convulsions, blindness, vomiting, and blisters. Long term effects would include cancers, birth defects, and permanent blindness. 5,000 civilians, including women and children, were dead within days of the attacks. It was clear that the Iraqi citizens were ecstatic to remove Hussein from power when in 2003 a huge mass of them toppled over the statue of him in the square, dragged the head around the city, and beat it with shoes, which is considered a severe indication of disrespect in the Arab culture. Robert Kagan and William Kristol, Co-founders of the Project for the New American Century, said, Ã¢â¬Å"The mass graves uncovered since the end of the war are alone sufficient justification for it. These brutalities, brought on by the Ã¢â¬Å"iron-fistÃ¢â¬ government , should not be excused or ignored. Ultimately, appeasement does not work, as shown by the events of WWII. Without the intervention of a higher authority, the viciousness and cruelty would have continued, uninhibited in Iraq for an unpredictable amount of time. Although theShow MoreRelatedIraq Invasion of Kuwait vs US Iraq War Essay1162 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Iraq Invasion of Kuwait vs U.S Iraq War Iraq and Kuwait have a long history; Kuwait played a huge part in the Iran-Iraq war, mostly financially. Open warfare began on September 22, 1980; Iraq claimed Iran shelled a number of border posts on September 4, 1980. Kuwait funded Iraq during the Iraq-Iran war, which caused tension between the two nations when Iraq couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay the $14 billion dollars back to Kuwait when it was time to settle their debt. The Iraqi government asked Kuwait to forgive theRead MoreThe Reasons Behind The Uk Participation1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Iraq war started on 20 March 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by the United States together with the United Kingdom against the Baath Party of Saddam Hussein. The overt reason behind the war was accusing Iraq of possessing weapons of mass destruction (WMD), and what reinforced the doubts was Saddam Hussein s refusing to co-operate with the United Nations inspectors in their search for his forbidden weapons of mass destruction at the beginning . Howev er, even after the fall of Iraq, invadersRead MoreWar Againsts Iraq: The Media, Its Portrayal of the War and the Effect of Its Perspective1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWar against Iraq By Olivier Gaudreau When the US initiated the 2003 invasion of Iraq, it gave the justification that the Iraqi dictator, Saddam aided the perpetrators of the September 11 attack on United States soil. The Bush administration also accused Saddam of engineering a nuclear program and amassing destructive weapons. All the US justification and the entire war have been highly criticized on many fronts. The media has taken the lead on shaping public opinion on both sides of the war, thatRead MoreGeorge Santayana Once Said, Ã¢â¬Å"Those Who Do Not Remember1081 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageslive and experience history with rather unpredictable turbulence. War has been a common theme that people from the past has been faced with and a common theme we fear today. There are many factors that lead societies into war whether between themselves or other countries. If we were to examine each war including todayÃ¢â¬â¢s possible threats and list their causes we would be able to recognize the familiar patterns. A great number of wars are instigated by leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s personal grievances, the need to takeRead MoreEthics As A Code Of Conduct880 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdemonstrated by Germany in World War II. The United Nations Charter (UNC) can also be used as an example because it produced an international body with the purpose of promoting peace in an international forum. These are improvements in politics through the integration of ethical views into international law: a result of considering ethics as a critique and reconstruction. The UNC example can also prove that ethics can constrain politics, such as in the case of the Persian Gulf War in 1990. Because UN memberRead MoreU.s. President s National Policy844 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand the Reagan administration justified military intervention in this country by claiming that the country was developing a large military using Cuban weapons and that American medical students were in danger. Evidence of these claims puts the justifications for invading Grenada in doubt, but the Reagan administration was able to keep this information covered up and used photos from the invasion to portray the narrative as the U.S. sending in the military to protect American citizens. Photos of theRead MoreThe Iraq War Essay examples1281 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe decision of war with Iraq, most blinded United States of America citizens are still yet persuaded to support such a war. The Bush Administration has covered their schemes of war with lies to gain support. While weapons of ma ss destruction is supposedly the reason why the United States launched military action to begin with, all the clearly ignored consequences will haunt their final decision of war, and will remind them how the war is not and never was justified. Whither the war is for the protectionRead MoreThe Representation Of The Government Politics Model Essay1524 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmodels provide a way to analyze AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to invade Iraq and overthrow Saddam Hussein in 2003, only one model sufficiently explains the decision. The Rational Actor Model only evaluates the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s actions as one entity and does not look at any of the organizational or individual behaviors that contributed to the decision. On the other hand, the Organizational Behavior Model explores the processes that supported the warÃ¢â¬â¢s justification and developed the militaryÃ¢â¬â¢s recommendation, but does notRead More The Unjustified War on Iraq Essay572 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Unjustified W ar on Iraq The Bush Administration was impatiently unjustified in the attack on Iraq. The justification the Republican council offered was no more that an attempt to eradicate the blame infused by poorly made, hasty decisions and forceful actions. Liberal magazine, The Nation, publishes many liberal perspectives on the actions that have been taken in prevention of major military action. Although action was necessary, the use of military force by the United States was excessiveRead MoreJust War Theory, Using The Gulf War1410 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswill present the concept of just war theory, using the Gulf War as a case study in order to understand the concreteness of the doctrine. The choice of this case is due to the various issues regarding the application of just war theory to modern conflict, which will be discussed in the concluding part of the paper. Just war tradition has its origins in the fourth century AD. The first propagandist of these ideas was St. Augustine (AD 354-430), who elaborated a just war doctrine, which was later adapted
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"On average, middle-aged consumers devote 39 percent of their retail expenditure to department store products and services, while for younger consumers the average is only 25 percent. Since the number of middle-aged people will increase dramatically within the next decade, department stores can expect retail sales to increase significantly during that period. Furthermore, to take advantage of the trend, these stores should begin to replace some of those products intended to attract the younger consumer with products intended to attract the middle-aged consumer. We will write a custom essay sample on Changing the Target Audience in Retail Sales or any similar topic only for you Order Now Essay 1: The argument that department retail sales will increase in the next 10 years and thus department stores should begin to replace products to attract middle-aged consumers is not entirely logically convincing, since it omits certain crucial assumptions First of all, the argument ignores the absolute amount of retail expenditure of middle-aged and younger consumers devoted to department store products and services. Although younger consumers spend a smaller percentage of their retail expenditure to department store products than do the middle-aged consumers, they might actually spend more in terms of the absolute amount. Even if middle-aged consumers are spending more than younger ones in department stores, the argument ignores the possibility that the trend may change within the next decade. Younger consumers might prefer to shop in department stores than in other types of stores, and middle-aged consumers might turn to other types of stores, too. This will lead to a higher expenditure of younger consumers in department stores than that of middle-aged consumers. Besides, the argument never addresses the population difference between middle-aged consumers and younger ones. Suppose there are more younger consumers than the middle-aged ones now, the total population base of younger consumers will be bigger than that of the middle-aged ones if both of them grow at the same rate in the next decade. Thus there will be a bigger younger consumer base. Based on the reasons I listed above, the argument is not completely sound. The evidence in support of the conclusion does little to prove the conclusion since it does not address the assumptions I have already raised. Ultimately, the argument might have been more convincing by making it clear that the absolute population of middle-aged consumers are higher than that of the younger consumers and the number will continue to grow in the next decade, and that the middle-aged consumers will continue to spend more money in department stores than younger consumers do in the next decade. Essay 2: The argument that retailers should replace some of the products intended to attract the younger consumers with products intended to attract the middle-aged consumers is not entirely logically convincing, since it ignores certain crucial assumptions. First, the argument omits the assumption that the business volumes of both the middle-aged consumers and the younger consumers are the same. If the business volume of the middle-aged consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ 39% is smaller than that of the younger consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ 25%, the retail sales will not increase during the next decade. Second, even if the business volumes of both the middle-aged consumers and the younger consumers were the same in the last decade, the increase of the middle-aged people in the next decade is not the same as the increase of the retail expenditure, for the retail trade depends more on such factors as the economic circumstances, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s consuming desire. Finally, the argument never assumes the increase of the younger consumers within the next decade. If the younger consumers increase at the same rate and spend the same amount of money on the goods and services of department stores, the retailers should never ignore them. Thus the argument is not completely sound. The evidence in support of the conclusion that the growing number of middle-aged people within the next decade does little to prove the conclusionÃ¢â¬âthat department stores should begin to replace some of their products to attract the middle-aged consumers since it does not address the assumptions I have already raised. Ultimately, the argument might have been strengthened by making it clear that the business volumes of both types of consumers are the same and comparable, that the increase of a certain type of consumers are correlated with the increase of the retail sales, and that the growth rate of the younger consumers are the same as that of the middle-aged consumers. Essay 3: Based on an expected increase in the number of middle-aged people during the next decade, the author predicts that retail sales at department stores will increase significantly over the next ten years. To bolster this prediction, the author cites statistics showing that middle-aged people devote a much higher percentage of their retail expenditure to department-store services and products than younger consumers do. Since the number of middle-aged consumers is on the rise and since they spend more than younger people on department-store goods and services, the author further recommends that department stores begin to adjust their inventories to capitalize on this trend. Specifically, it is recommended that department stores increase their inventory of products aimed at middle-aged consumers and decrease their inventory of products aimed at younger consumers. This argument is problematic for two reasons. First, an increase in the number of middle-aged people does not necessarily portend an overall increase in department-store sales. It does so only on the assumption that other population groups will remain relatively constant. For example, if the expected increase in the number of middle-aged people is offset by an equally significant decrease in the number of younger people, there will be little or no net gain in sales. Second, in recommending that department stores replace products intended to attract younger consumers with products more suitable to middle-aged consumers, the author assumes that the number of younger consumers will not also increase. Since a sizable increase in the population of younger consumers could conceivably offset the difference in the retail expenditure patterns of younger and middle-aged consumers, it would be unwise to make the recommended inventory adjustment lacking evidence to support this assumption. In conclusion, this argument is unacceptable. To strengthen the argument the author would have to provide evidence that the population of younger consumers will remain relatively constant over the next decade. How to cite Changing the Target Audience in Retail Sales, Papers
Monday, May 4, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Deculturalization and Struggle for Equality. Answer: Introduction The cross cultural management involves managing the different teams so that the differences in their preferences, culture and practices in the context of the international business market. In this report, the cross cultural differences between India and England will be elaborately explained. The challenges need to be identified based on the frameworks of the cross culturalism and based on it the recommendations need to be developed. The key factors that influences the business in both the countries will be explained with the help of the Hofstede framework. The Indian culture is an amalgamation of the different cultures that expands across India and has shaped a history that is almost several thousand years old. It is quite evident from the history that the Indian culture has been influenced by the different Dharmic religions. The culture highly identifies the lives of the people and is entailed on how they dress, speak, their food habits and almost every manner they live with. The cultures have been originated from ancient India and that includes their texts and scriptures. The culture of India is varied and unique and consists of the different informational aspects. The culture of England is often termed as the idiosyncratic cultural norms towards England and their people. The influential position of England within United Kingdom is very difficult to be differentiated from the culture of United Kingdom. Its culture has been influenced by the history of UK and its development with the island countries that has the liberal democracy as its major power. It is mostly from the composition of the countries like the Scotland, wales, England and the Northern Island that has their distinct cultures and customs (Viswanathan 2014). In order to explore the differences in culture between England and India the use of the Hofstede model and the GLOBE framework has been used. This dimension deals with the fact that not all individuals in the society are equal and possess the same attitude towards their cultural world. This is considered as the extension that has less members in the organizations and their institutions that is expected and accepted within the country. In India the score is high that is 77 on this dimension and thus indicates that the hierarchy is appreciated. The attitude of the Indians is to be dependent on the power holders, accepting their unequal rights between the privileged and the lesser ones. Control is accepted in their Indian society as the psychological security and the communication is directive and has a top down style. England ranks 35 in comparison to India and it has a lower ranking in the PDI system that has made the society believe that the inequalities can easily be minimized easily. Through research it can be shown that the PD index is lower than the high class Britain that is amongst the working classes. The PDI score is seemed to be incongruent with the historical and the well-established class systems that exposes one of the inherent tensions in the British culture. A sense of fair play drives a belief that all the people should be treated in an equal way. This is the dimension that deals with the degree of the interdependence that can be maintained amongst the members of the society. In an individualistic society people have a tendency to look after themselves only whereas in a collective society, people change their views and take care of each other. The score is 89 for England that has the highest Individualist scores that can only be beaten by Australia or the US (Simpson and Yinger 2013). It cannot be denied that the people in England are extremely private and individualistic and the route to happiness is through personal fulfillment. The score of India is 48 that deals with the individualistic and the collectivist traits in the society. The dominant philosophy is Hinduism in the Indian society. The Hindus believe in the concept of rebirth and death that is dependent on the individuals that has lived a preceding life. In India, the focus is primarily on the individualism that interacts with the collectivist tendencies in the socie ty, that leads to an intermediate score on the dimensions. A high score in this dimension shows that the society is driven by success, achievement and through competition that can add a value in their school and hence is continued throughout their organizational life. The low score in feminine dimension shows that the dominant value lies for care and quality of life in the society. The fundamental issue that needs to be highlighted is motivating people, wanting to be their best (Masculine) and liking to do what one usually wants (Feminine). In Britain the score is 66 that has been highly driven and success oriented. A point of contradiction only arises when the understatement and the modesty that acts as the odds arising due to the culture and the value system. In India, the score of this dimension is 56 and hence is considered as the Masculine society. In India, this is quite prominent in terms of the power and success on the visual displays and the designer brand has a label, ostentation and flash. This is one of the major dimension that has to do with the dealings in the society with the fact that the future can never be known and controlled (Spring 2016). The extent to which the members in the society are threatened by the unknown or the ambiguous situation and has created institution and beliefs that has to be avoided. In this dimension, the score of India is 40 and can be considered as having a medium low preference in this section. Only in India the imperfection can be accepted that has nothing to do with planning and as long as one can adjust nothing can be called impossible. This is that dimension that is considered as an extent to which almost all the people can try to control their impulses and their desires. The rank of India in this section is 26, that means that the culture is of restraint. The society has a low score in the dimension that has a tendency to pessimism and cynicism. The high score of England in this section indicates that the Low term orientation This is considered as that dimension in the society that maintains some of the links that has their own past when dealing with the challenges of the future and present (Rampton 2014). The score of India in this section is 51, that has a dominant preference in the culture that cannot be determined (Samovar et al. 2015). The concept of Karma in India is dominated by the philosophical and the religious thoughts. The society is often high on pragmatism that often forgets the lack of the punctuality. The intermediate score of England in this dimension is 51, that maintains a dominant preference in their culture. The people in the society often portray a high score while indulging and exhibiting the willingness so that the desires and the impulses can be realized. Usually they portray a positive attitude and optimistic attitude (Pieterse 2015). The Globe is an extended research program of Hofstede that can be done by investigating the cross cultural behaviors in leadership so that it might help the manager. This is considered as the degree when the members of the society expect the power to be shared unequally. It cannot be denied that England possess much more power than India. Their society is usually differentiated into the class sections and the power is seen to be the one providing in the social order. In India the middle class is throughout a large section and the power in the politics is unlike England which is related to corruption and coercion (Moran, Abramson and Moran 2014). This revolves around the support that is gained from the society on the procedures and the social norms that needs to be alleviated in the impulsion of some of the unfavorable events in the future (Klitmller and Lauring 2013 ). The Indians are seen to take up careful and moderate calculated risks and often maintains a level of formality in their interactions. In England there is often a concept that is still prevailing which is the informality in interactions. There is often a concept to keep few records in an orderly way and that is maintained in England. This deals with the people in the society to become tough, kind and modest. The high assertiveness in the society is viewed in England that has a high value in success, competition and progress. They often communicate clearly and directly unlike the society of India. India possess a low assertiveness that includes the value cooperation and also does indirect communication. This consists of the society that needs to be encouraged and rewarded for being caring, generous and fair to the rest of the people. India has a high humane orientation that limits the use of the child labor by the support of the public. In most of the cases the society is responsible for promoting the wellbeing of others and are often interested on others rather on themselves. In England the self interest is much important and the state government provides economic support to the individuals so that they can maintain a well being (Guo and Reinecke 2014). This is all about encouraging the people and the society that has a future oriented behavior. The orientation is high in India as they emphasize on working for a long term success and the organizations in this environment often is adaptive and flexible. People in England often prefer to be gratified as soon as possible and the organizations also tends to be inflexible (Dittmar et al. 2014). Institutional collectivism This means that the individuals should be integrated in groups that is within the society and the organizations. The high individualism is shown in India where the members presume that they are highly interdependent in the organization and they also encourage the loyalty in their group that is undermined by the pursuits of ones individual goals. The context is all about how the society maximizes the roles of the gender. It is tough to state this in comparison with India and England as both has more or less women employees in the authority and they consist of similar levels of educational attainment (Deresky 2017). In case of low gender differences, the occupational sex segregation is more. This is of taking pride in the memberships so that the family and their friends can make a circle of close groups (Banks 2015). In England the obligations and the duties are considered an important determinant in the context of the social behavior. The people often tries to relate and emphasize with the groups. This revolves around rewarding and encouraging people so that they can maintain excellence and a high performance rate. In England the rate is of high performance that values the development and the training and often waits for the formal feedbacks so that their performance can be enhanced. In India, the people often value family and societal relationships and tries to maintain a harmony with the environment (Almond and Verba 2015). Conclusion From this report a complete apprehension about the cultural differences between England and India has been explained. With the help of the Globe and the Hofstede framework, a complete analysis of the cultural differences between the two countries has been explained. References Almond, G.A. and Verba, S., 2015.The civic culture: Political attitudes and democracy in five nations. Princeton university press. Banks, J.A., 2015.Cultural diversity and education. Routledge. Deresky, H., 2017.International management: Managing across borders and cultures. Pearson Education India. Dittmar, H., Bond, R., Hurst, M. and Kasser, T., 2014. The relationship between materialism and personal well-being: A meta-analysis. Guo, P.J. and Reinecke, K., 2014, March. Demographic differences in how students navigate through MOOCs. InProceedings of the first ACM conference on Learning@ scale conference(pp. 21-30). ACM. Guo, P.J. and Reinecke, K., 2014, March. Demographic differences in how students navigate through MOOCs. InProceedings of the first ACM conference on Learning@ scale conference(pp. 21-30). ACM. Klitmller, A. and Lauring, J., 2013. When global virtual teams share knowledge: Media richness, cultural difference and language commonality.Journal of World Business,48(3), pp.398-406. Moran, R.T., Abramson, N.R. and Moran, S.V., 2014.Managing cultural differences. Routledge. Pennycook, A., 2017.The cultural politics of English as an international language. Taylor Francis. Pieterse, J.N., 2015.Globalization and culture: Global mlange. Rowman Littlefield. Rampton, B., 2014.Crossings: Language and ethnicity among adolescents. Routledge. Samovar, L.A., Porter, R.E., McDaniel, E.R. and Roy, C.S., 2015.Communication between cultures. Nelson Education. Simpson, G.E. and Yinger, J.M., 2013.Racial and cultural minorities: An analysis of prejudice and discrimination. Springer Science Business Media. Spring, J., 2016.Deculturalization and the struggle for equality: A brief history of the education of dominated cultures in the United States. Routledge. Viswanathan, G., 2014.Masks of conquest: Literary study and British rule in India. Columbia University Press. Vitkus, D., 2016.Turning Turk: English theater and the multicultural Mediterranean. Springer.
Sunday, March 29, 2020
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Syphilis In Measure For Measure Essays - Syphilis, Free Essays Syphilis In Measure For Measure Syphilis in Renaissance Europe and in Shakespeares Measure for Measure Bibliography to venereal disease appear as early in the second scene of Shakespeares Measure for Measure. Syphilis, the primary and most horrible of venereal diseases, ran rampant in Shakespeares time. By giving a brief history of the disease in Renaissance Europe one can gain a better understanding of the disease which will provide a greater insight into the play which would have gone unknown. This brief history will include, the severity of the disease in fifteenth and sixteenth century Europe, believed origins and symptoms of the time period, and methods of curing or combating the disease.. By reading and analyzing passages referring to syphilis in Measure for Measure it is clear that Shakespeare himself believed in most of the truths established by the poet and physician Fracastor. Fracastor was the primary source and influence regarding studies of syphilis in Renaissance Europe. The disease we now commonly identify as syphilis is believed to have arrived in Europe for the first time in the late fifteenth century. Though there are few statistics from that period available to prove such an argument, there is plenty of evidence that supports that the disease suddenly emerged in great abundance during this time period. It is also believed that syphilis was much more severe then, than it has ever been since. Zinsser writes in his book, Rats, Lice, and History that: There is little doubt that when syphilis first appeared in epidemic form, at the beginning of the sixteenth century, it was a far more virulent, acute, and factual condition than it is now (Rosebury 23). The first time syphilis, called evil pocks at the time, was mentioned in print occurred on August 7, 1495 in the Edict of the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian. In this document syphilis was believed to be a punishment sent from God for blasphemy and was described as something which had never occurred before nor been heard of within the memory of man (Rosebury 24). Between the years 1495 and 1498 there were a total of nine similar documents that emerged through out Western Europe. In 1530 Fracastor, a poet and physician, published the poem, Syphilis sive Morbus Gallicus, translated Syphilis or the French Disease. The main character was a shepherd in Hispaniola named Syphilis. Syphilis caught the disease for disrespecting the Gods. At the time Fracastor believed in the previous documents, but would provide his own original ideas concerning how the disease reached Europe. He also alluded to possible treatments, that Shakespeare will later use in his plays. Fracastor used the name syphilis for both the main character and the disease he contracted. However, the name of the disease continued to be known as the French disease. It was not until the 1850s, more than three centuries after Fracastors poem, that the disease was called syphilis. Fracastors poem grew widely popular in Western Europe, and was believed to be mostly factual at the time. It might seem odd that a fictional poem with fictional characters would be widely regarded as truth, but under the extreme circumstances of the sixteenth century syphilis epidemic it makes perfect sense. Syphilis had caused terror in the hearts of the people in the sixteenth century due to its rapid spread. Physicians seemed helpless to cure it. No one could do anything, but believe in what Fracastor wrote. In the poem Fracastor had answers concerning its origin, symptoms, and cure for this new disease. He went along with the common belief that it appeared in the French army before Naples around the year 1495. From France, and justly took from France his name, (Rosebury 31). This quote provides the evidence concerning syphilis former name, The French Disease. He also discussed how he believed that it originated in America, and was brought back with Columbus and his men. This was the popular view of the day, and many researchers still find truth in it. What Fracastor truly believed, at the time, was that the positions of the planets influenced the outbreak of the disease. He believed that they lined up in such a way that provided great conditions for the emergence of the disease. In the poem Fracastor also
Thursday, February 20, 2020
The Use of Isotopes in Medicine - Essay Example These are the radioactive and stable isotopes. Bodamer and Halliday (2001, p. 444) define radioactive isotopes as those whose nucleus is unstable. Because of this, radioactive isotopes have a tendency for spontaneous decomposition, a reaction which involves the release of radiation. During the decomposition of a radioactive isotope, a helium nucleus is released, a process which leads to the stabilization of the isotope. On the other hand, a stable isotope does not have a tendency for spontaneous decomposition and as a result, these isotopes resist various forms of chemical alterations. Radioactive have been used widely used in medicine as agents of diagnostic processes. This essay gives a critical analysis ad discussion of the various uses or applications of isotopes in the field of medicine. Many chemical elements contain isotopes. Radioisotopes are often products of artificial combination of protons and neutrons. Artificial production of radioisotopes often employs protons and neut rons which do not exist in nature (Ruth, 2009, p. 536). There are a total of 1800 radioisotopes including those which arise from the decay of thorium and uranium in their primordial states. There are a variety of ways in which radioisotopes can be produced or manufactured artificially. These include neutron activation which is the commonest way of producing radioisotopes. This is done within a nuclear reactor. In addition, some radioisotopes are produced within a cyclotron in which deficiency of neutrons within a nucleus is achieved through artificial introduction of protons (Bodamer and Halliday (2001, p. 445). The artificial manufacture of radioisotopes is aimed at meeting their application in medicine. The radioisotopes used in medicine are known as radiopharmaceuticals. The following section describes three major applications of radioisotopes in medicines with the justification on why specific radioisotopes are used in the management of various medical processes. The disadvantag es associate with the use of isotopes is also provided later in the essay. According to Ruth (2009, p. 537), isotopes are used in nuclear medicine to provide diagnostic information which is used by physicians to diagnose various medical conditions. This is achieved through the imaging of organs such as bones, thyroid gland, liver and heart to determine their functioning. Prvulovich and Bomanji (1998, p. 1140) demonstrates 90% of the application of isotopes in medicine if for diagnostic procedures. Technetium-99 is the most commonly used radioisotope for medical diagnosis. Ramamoorthy and Binukumar (2010, p. 46) say that technetium-99 is used widely as a radioactive tracer. This isotope is commonly used because it is detectable within the body through the use of specialized medical equipment such as gamma cameras. Technetium-99 is releases gamma rays and this explains why gamma cameras are able to detect it within the body. More importantly, technetium-99 is relatively safer in diagn osis as compared to other isotopes. This is due to the fact that it its physical and biological half-life is short. As a result, it decays within 24 hours of exposure to the body. This provides sufficient time for the quick detection of chemical equipment while it keeps the exposure of the patient to the radiation as low as possible (Bodamer and Halliday (2001, p. 446). This demonstrates why this isotope is commonly applied in medical diagnosis. Prvulovich and Bomanji (1998, p. 1143) explain that isotopes are also commonly used in therapy.